A Beginners Guide To Verbs+MASU form **UPDATE#5日本語学習** (Learn Japanese Quickly!)


Japanese Beginner Lesson 1
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There are 5 "masu" forms to know:
-masu = "Do-do, will do"
-mashita = "Did do"
-masen = "won't do, don't do"
-masen deshita = "Didn't do"
-mashou = "Let's do"
That's as simple as I can possible put it. Now the next step is verbs. We all know what verbs are, they're action words. Eat, run, watch, play, etc.
In Japanese there are 3 groups of verbs. Now... any Japanese "experts" watching this might disagree and they're probably right, but this video is aimed at learners on step 0 & 1/2. Not advanced learners.
I'm going to go slightly out of order and start with group 2.
Known as "ru" verbs.
If you have a verb that ends with "eru" or "iru", you simply drop the "ru" and add your "masu" ending.
Miru = See
Taberu = Eat
Let's return to our "masu form" guide:
-masu = "Do-do, will do"
-mashita = "Did do"
-masen = "won't do, don't do"
-masen deshita = "Didn't do"
-mashou = "Let's do"
If you want to say, "Let's eat!" How do you do it? - Remember, all you have to do with verbs that end in "eru" or "iru" is drop the "ru" and add your "masu" ending.
So "let's eat" is?
Taberu - "ru" + mashou (let's do) = Tabemashou "Let's eat" That's it.
How do you say, "I saw" ?
The verb is Miru "see, to see." Does it end in "eru" or "iru" ?
So.... What did you do? You saw something.
Miru - "ru" + mashita (did do) = Mimashita "Saw" or in this context "I saw."
Do you follow that? Is that easy enough? There are a few exception words to this trick but not very many. You can just Google the very short list at anytime. And the exception verbs conjugate just like group 1 verbs that aren't hard to understand either. Let's discuss how they work:
Ok, Group 1:
Known as ''u" verbs (or "yu" to your English speaking mind.) How do they work?
Any verbs that are NOT "eru" or "iru" verbs are probably group 1 verbs. Okay? Is that too confusing? I hope not.
Nomu = Drink
Iku = Go
The only thing to know with "u" verbs is the "u" changes to "i" and then add your "Masu" ending. That's it.
How do you say, "I don't drink." ?
Nomu - becomes No(mi) + Masen (won't do/don't do) = Nomimasen "I don't drink."
That's literally all there is to it.
How you say, "I didn't go." ? Remember "u" changes to "i" and then add your "Masu" ending.
Iku - becomes I(ki) + Masen deshita (Didn't do) = Ikimasen deshita "I didn't go."
And a tip to expand your range in Japanese in an instant, is, just add "Ka" to the end of any statement to make it a question.
Ikimasen deshita "I didn't go."
Ikimasen deshita ka? "Didn't you go?" BOOM. Works with everything I have previously mentioned. And it works with group 3 verbs which we'll now take a look at:
Group 3 verbs are a very small group.
Suru = To Do
Kuru = To Come
Suru becomes "Shi" and Kuru becomes "Ki" then add your "masu form" suffix. That's it!
If you come across a verb like "Benkyou suru" which means "Study" it conjugates like "Suru."
For Example:
Benkyou suru = Study
Benkyou suru becomes Benkyou shi + "mashita" (Did do) = Benkyou shimashita "Studied" or "I studied"
Welp, that's it. I hope any part of this video has helped you in some way. That's all I have for this time. Now Google some verbs, express yourself, have fun!
And as a final note, I recommend any learners of Japanese learn the Hiragana alphabet. It may seem like a pain at first, but it's really not difficult and it'll make the process WAY easier. Especially when you start communicating with real Japanese folks. Just memorize it and get it out of the way!


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